IL-21, Functional Grade, clone: FFA21, eBioscience™
Rat Monoclonal Antibody
Brand: Affymetrix eBioscience 16-7211-85
Code : Z2
Additional Details : Weight : 0.01000kg
DescriptionDescription: This FFA21 monoclonal antibody reacts with mouse interleukin-21 (IL-21). IL-21 is a 17kDa immunomodulatory cytokine produced mainly by NKT, T helper (Th) 17 and T follicular helper (TFH) cells. In TFH cells, IL-21 expression leads to autocrine signaling through the IL-21 receptor (IL-21R) and STAT3, which leads to additional transcriptional activation by Bcl6. As with IFN gamma for Th1, IL-4 for Th2 and IL-17A for Th17, IL-21 is critical for TFH cell effector function. This cytokine plays a role in T cell-dependent B cell differentiation into plasma cells and memory cells, stimulation of IgG production and induction of apoptotic signaling in naive B cells.In Th17 cells, IL-21 expression and autocrine feedback through STAT3, IRF4 and ROR gamma t lead to upregulation of the IL-23R, thereby preparing Th17 cells for maturation and maintenance by the inflammatory cytokine IL-23. While upregulating IRF4 and ROR gamma t, IL-21 also mediates the downregulation of Foxp3. High levels of IL-21 are present in chemically-induced colitis models. IL-21-deficient mice are protected from developing colitis upon chemical treatment by their inability to upregulate Th17-associated molecules.Preliminary data suggest that clone FFA21 recognizes a different epitope than anti-mouse IL-21 clone mhalx21 (cat. 51-7213).Applications Reported: The monoclonal antibody FFA21 reacts with and inhibits the bioactivity of mouse IL-21.Applications Tested: The ND50 of FFA21, as determined by the inhibition of recombinant mouse IL-21-induced proliferation of the B9 cell line, is 0.2-0.5 μg/mL in the presence of 0.5 ng/mL recombinant mouse IL-21. The neutralization dose of this antibody will vary depending on cell type, assay method, and concentration of cytokine.Endotoxin: Less than 0.001 ng/ug antibody as determined by the LAL assay.Storage and handling: Use in a sterile environment.Filtration: 0.2μm post-manufacturing filtered.Purity: Greater than 90%, as determined by SDS-PAGE.Endotoxin Level: Less than 0.001 ng/μg antibody, as determined by LAL assay.Aggregation: Less than 10%, as determined by HPLC.
|Store at 2-8°C.|
|aqueous buffer, no sodium azide|